"The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development." With these words, Frederick Jackson Turner laid the foundation for modern historical study of the American West and presented a "frontier thesis" that. Awarded his doctorate in 1891, he was one of the first historians professionally trained in the United States rather than Europe. The Turner Thesis was also critiqued by Patricia Nelson Limerick in her 1987 book, The Legacy of Conquest: The Unbroken Past of the American West. In 1942, in "The Frontier and American Institutions: A Criticism of the Turner Thesis Professor George Wilson Pierson debated the validity of the Turner thesis, stating that many factors influenced American culture besides the looming frontier. The single most influential interpretation of the American past, it proposed that the distinctiveness of the. In our understanding of what we are as a nation, if on no other level, the Western past continues to define us today. 3, the frontier in American history. . He served as a teacher and scholar at the University of Wisconsin from 1889 to 1910, when he joined Harvard's faculty.
But in a sense, the very acrimony of these debates takes us full circle back to Turner and his legacy, for debates about the significance of Western history are hardly ever confined to the past. Turner hoped that stability would replace mobility as a defining factor in the development of American society and that communities would become stronger as a result. In these writings Turner promoted new methods in historical research, including the techniques of the newly founded social sciences, and urged his colleagues to study new topics such as immigration, urbanization, economic development, and social and cultural history. He most cogently articulated this idea in "The Significance of the Frontier in American History which he first delivered to a gathering of historians in 1893 at Chicago, then the site of the World's Columbian Exposition, an enormous fair to mark the four-hundredth anniversary. Adams, his mentor. Limerick asserts the notion of a "New Western History" in which the American West is treated as a place and not a process of finite expansion. "New" Western historians - many of whom actually echo and draw upon fairly old scholarly works - often argue that their accounts offer mgmt 499 ethics essay a more inclusive and honest reckoning of the Western past. Turner may have had difficulty writing books, but he was a brilliant master of the historical essay. Individuals, forced to rely on their own wits and strength, he believed, were simply too scornful of rank to be amenable to the exercise of centralized political power. Moreover, as the 19th century wore on, the role of the federal government and large corporations grew increasingly important. Johns Hopkins, had argued that all significant American institutions derived from German and English antecedents.
Article abstract: Developing a unique thesis based on the influence of the frontier in American historyHistorian Frederick Jackson Turner, at one point in his life (at 33 years old to be exact) delivered a paper to the American Historical. With these words, Frederick Jackson Turner laid the foundation for modern historical study of the American West and presented a "frontier thesis". Turner was born in Portage, Wisconsin, in 1861. His father, a journalist by trade and local historian by avocation, piqued Turner 's interest in history. Frederick Jackson Turner, (born November 14, 1861, Portage, Wisconsin,.S.died March 14, 1932, San Marino, California American historian best known for the frontier thesis.
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