as whether actions should be chosen based on their likely results ( act utilitarianism ) or whether agents should conform to rules that maximize utility ( rule utilitarianism ). Archived from the original on Retrieved idgwick, Henry (1981). Rather, he adopted it from a passing expression in" John Galt 's 1821 novel Annals of the Parish. The essential difference is in what determines whether or not an action is the right action. Mill, John Stuart (1981). "Privacy, Autonomy, and Self-Concept".
He argues that it is possible to distinguish the moral impulse of utilitarianism (which is "to define the right as good consequences and to motivate people to achieve these from our ability to correctly apply rational principles that, among other things, "depend on the perceived. Bentham very carefully distinguishes motive from intention importance of outdoor activities essay and says that motives are not in themselves good or bad but can be referred to as such on account of their tendency to produce pleasure or pain. In Pojman, Louis. 70 ) : : : ". Philosophical Dimensions of Privacy: An Anthology. He suggests that many of the problems arise under the traditional formulation because the conscientious utilitarian ends up having to make up for the failings of others and so contributing more than their fair share.
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