on a single day in 1957, the court limited the powers of congressional investigating committees, restricted the enforcement of the Smith Act on First Amendment grounds and overturned the convictions of fourteen members of the Communist Party of California, and reinstated John Stewart. Intelligence sources such as the venona decrypts. In December the Senate censured McCarthy. This era takes with it a long lasting legacy that historians have studied through the decades.
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Richard Hofstadters influential interpretation explained McCarthys popularity in psychological terms as a manifestation of the status anxiety of those who resented the changes associated with a more modern, pluralistic, secular society. Congressional conservatives disliked many New Deal policiesfrom public works to consumer protection to, above all, labor rightsand they frequently charged that the administering agencies were influenced by Communists. These and other local- and state-level studies demonstrate that the intensity of Red Scare politics was not a simple function of the strength of the Communist threat. Its clear that McCarthyism played a big role in the development of America. Douglas and of Trumans attorney general James McGranery, while the papers of the many.S. Congressional committees pressed witnesses to name names of people they knew to be Communists as evidence that they were not sympathetic, or were no longer sympathetic, to communism. Public anxiety about postwar inflation and another strike wave was intensified by Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe and by Russian defector Igor Gouzenkos exposure of a Canadian spy ring. The new Senate Internal Security Subcommittee (siss headed by Patrick McCarran (D-Nevada was soon vying with huac for headlines about the battle against Communists on the home front. It is now a term used for any accusation without any evidence. In the 1990s, newly accessible Soviet and.S. The cpusa itself grew to about 75,000 members in 1938; many times that number participated in Popular Front causes.
One prime positive result was that McCarthys tactics produced long lasting changes in the media forever. Newspaper companies and Television stations finally realized that. Red Scare : McCarthyism No one man can terrorize a whole nation unless we are all his accomplices.
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