to be a communication method and not an assessment per. Entries in digital portfolios can be constructed with the same building blocks that construct any electronic files, depending on their nature: word processors, digital still or video cameras, spreadsheets, presentation software, and the like. Any assessment use (for example going over classroom test results) has the potential to inform and even become part of instruction. Thus, beginning in the late 1980s and peaking by the mid-1990s, portfolios were tried as part of large-scale state assessment but found unreliable in the classical sense. That purpose should include the classroom learning targets and curriculum or state goals it will serve, whether the purpose will be formative (learning) or summative (best-works and the audience (who will be the users of the portfolio systemwho creates and who gets the information and. Another difference between portfolios and many other types of assessment is the way they lend themselves to multiple interpretations. A few specific portfolio projects are exceptions.
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A rticle in The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher 16(1) May 2008 with 144.
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During this reform era in the early and mid-1990s, Maryland and California also experimented with assessment reform. These two will probably join together in the future. That is, they learn the value of learning for its own sake. At this point, one possible decision is that a portfolio is not the most appropriate assessment method for the purpose. Conclusion Portfolios have a long history in some disciplines, like art, but their use as a classroom assessment method began in the 1980s and was coupled with school reform efforts. Free research papers are not written to satisfy your specific instructions. Electronic storage eliminates one of the barriers to portfolio implementationstorage space. In education, however, discontent with standardized tests and other traditional assessment measures led to experimentation with their use for assessing student achievement in school classrooms. Thus currently, and arguably into the future, the role for portfolios is and will continue to be primarily classroom-based.